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[Medical Terminology] Basic List #1


Abrasion A

superficial wound in which the topmost layers of the skin are scraped off


AED

Automated External Defibrillator


Airway

The passages which transfer air from the outside environment to the lungs; the trachea, bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli


Artery

A blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart; contains oxygen-rich, high-pressure blood in the systemic cardiorespiratory system


Avulsion

A tearing away of a section of skin from the layers of tissue beneath it


Bystander

Any person, trained or untrained, who assists in an emergency situation, but not as part of a duty of employment


Capillary

The smallest blood vessels in the body; the skin is rife with capillaries


Causation

Determination of whether the defendant’s actions are causally linked to any harm


Circulation

The movement of blood throughout the body; performed by the heart


Consciousness

(level of) A state of awareness or lack thereof


Consent

A legal condition whereby a person can be said to have given consent based upon an appreciation and understanding of the facts and implications of an action


Cyanosis

The bluish coloration of the skin due to the presence of de-oxygenated blood near the skin surface; occurs when the oxygen saturation of arterial blood falls below 85%



Defibrillation

Delivering a therapeutic dose of electrical energy to the affected heart with a device called a defibrillator


Diabetes

A disease causing an inability to regulate the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood


Distal

The point on a limb furthest from its point of attachment to the body


Duty of care

A legal obligation imposed on an individual requiring that they exercise a reasonable standard of care while performing any acts that could foreseeably harm others


EMS

Emergency Medical System


History

One of the 3 parts of a secondary survey


Hypoxia

A condition in which insufficient oxygen reaches body tissue


Incision

A clean cut caused by a sharp-edged object


Insulin

A hormone that allows glucose to travel from the bloodstream into the cells


Laceration

Irregular wounds caused by a blunt impact to soft tissue which lies over hard tissue; tearing of skin


Landmark

The location of compressions; on the midline of the chest, even with the nipples


Liability

A legal doctrine that makes a person responsible for the damage and loss caused by their acts and omissions regardless of culpability; the requirements to prove liability are a) a duty of care exists; b) the standard of care was breached; and c) causation exists


Myocardial infarction

Heart attack; bleeding or blockage cuts off blood flow to part of the heart muscle


Nailbed

The tissue under the nail; pinching the nail and observing the blood return to the nailbed is a good test of circulation at that location


Edema (also oedema)

Swelling in the lower legs and ankles; caused by a fluid build-up in the body.


Semi-prone (also Recovery position)

A position which keeps the tongue from obstructing the airway and allows any fluids to drain from the mouth


Standard of care

The degree of prudence and caution required of an individual who is under a duty of care; the requirements of the standard are closely dependent on circumstances


Proximal

The point on a limb closest to its point of attachment to the body


Puncture

A wound caused by an object puncturing the skin


Vein

A blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart; most veins carry low oxygen blood



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